Imagine, click for larger image

Dave Hughes. Imagine, Oct 2011


The maps in historical order

After a billion or so years of tectonic upheaval and a few Pleistocene glaciers the landscape of New York is created. Later generations would radically alter this landscape.1

1902 – Geological Atlas of the United States

The Algonquian-speaking Lenape settle on the island they call “Mannahatta” some 6500 years ago. They live by hunting, fishing and small-scale farming in an ecosystem “as complex as Yellowstone.”

1609/2009 – The Mannahatta Map

Giovanni Verrazzano (1524) and Henry Hudson (1609) become the first Europeans to explore the region. Based on Hudson’s expeditions the Dutch, via the West India Company, establish the colony of New Netherland and the settlement of New Amsterdam.

1529 – The Verrazzano World Map
1610 – The Velasco Map
1614 – The Block Figurative Map
1638/1665 – The Manatus Map
1661/1665 – The Castillo Plan

In 1664 James II, the Duke of York, sends a flotilla into New York Harbor to capture the colony. He succeeds and Dutch New Amsterdam becomes English New York.

1661/1664 – The Duke’s Plan
1695 – The Miller Plan
1731 – The Bradford Map
1755 – The Maerschalck Map

1. For a general history of New York City here are a few titles:

Burrows, Edwin and Wallace, Mike. Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998 (WorldCat).

Jackson, Kenneth (ed). The Encyclopedia of New York City, 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010 (WorldCat).